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Short History of Tobacco 

Tobacco and tobacco-related products have a long history that stretches back to 6,000 BC. The plant today known as tobacco, or Nicotiana tabacum, is a member of the nicotiana genus – a close relative to the poisonous nightshade and could previously only be found in the Americas.People were the smoked tobacco in different type of way in old era mostly tobacco was used by army men for stay awaken in battlefield or used in religious medicine in America or some area of Africa.Tobacco was grown by American Indians before the Europeans came from England, Spain, France, and Italy to North America. Native Americans smoked tobacco through a pipe for special religious and medical purposes. They did not smoke every day.In other regions mostly leafs of tobacco were used by rollup it like a cigarette and puffed it.The first commercial cigarettes were made in 1865 by Washington Duke on his 300-acre farm in Raleigh, North Carolina. His hand-rolled cigarettes were sold to soldiers at the end of the Civil War. It was not until James Bonsack invented the cigarette-making machine in 1881 that cigarette smoking became widespread.

Effects of tobacco

There is no safe level of Tobacco use. Use of any drug always carries some risk. It’s important to be careful when taking any type of things. Tobacco affects everyone differently, based on:
  • Size, weight and health
  • Whether the person is used to taking it
  • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
  • The amount taken
  • The strength of the tobacco and how much is contained in the product
The following effects may be experienced:
  • Feeling more alert, happy and relaxed
  • Coughing
  • Dizziness, headaches
  • Fast heart beat
  • Bad breath
  • Tingling and numbness in fingers and toes
  • Reduced appetite, stomach cramps and vomiting
Some people believe that smoking ‘light’ or ‘low tar’ cigarettes is less harmful than regular cigarettes. However, there is little difference between the amount of chemicals inhaled by people who smoke ‘light’ cigarettes and those who smoke regular ones.

Long-term effects

Regular use of tobacco may eventually cause:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing fits, asthma and lung diseases
  • Regular colds or flu
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Yellow, rotting teeth
  • Yellow finger tips
  • Early wrinkles
  • Back pain
  • Slower-healing wounds
  • Mood swings
  • Eye disease and hearing loss
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Difficulty having children (males and females)
  • Irregular periods and early menopause (females)
  • Difficulty getting an erection (males)
  • Cancer (in many areas of the body)
  • Stroke and brain damage
  • Depression or Anxiety
  • Heart attack and disease
  • Needing to use more to get the same effect
  • Dependence on tobacco
  • Financial, work and social problems
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22ZXjCRY-RY

How to Stop Smoking?

1. Make a Quit Plan

Having a plan can make your quit day easier. A quit plan gives you ways to stay focused, confident, and motivated to quit. You can build your own quit plan or find a quit program that works for you. If you don’t know what quit method might be right for you, you can explore different quit methods. No single approach to quitting works for everyone. Be honest about your needs. If using nicotine replacement therapy is part of your plan, be sure to start using it first thing in the morning.

2. Stay Busy

Keeping busy is a great way to stay smokefree on your quit day. Being busy will help you keep your mind off smoking and distract you from cravings. Think about trying some of these activities:
  • Exercise.
  • Get out of the house for a walk.
  • Chew gum or hard candy.
  • Keep your hands busy with a pen or toothpick or use your phone
  • Drink lots of water.
  • Relax with deep breathing.
  • Go to a movie.
  • Spend time with non-smoking friends and family.
  • Go to dinner at your favourite smoke-free restaurant.
  • Go for meditation for just twice

3. Avoid Smoking Triggers

Triggers are the people, places, things, and situations that set off your urge to smoke. On your quit day, try to avoid all your triggers. Here are some tips to help you outsmart some common smoking triggers:
  • Throw away your cigarettes, lighters, and ash trays if you haven’t already.
  • Avoid caffeine, which can make you feel jittery. Try drinking water instead.
  • Spend time with non-smokers.
  • Go to places where smoking isn’t allowed.
  • Get plenty of rest and eat healthy. Being tired can trigger you to smoke.
  • Change your routine to avoid the things you might associate with smoking.

4. Stay Positive

Quitting smoking is difficult. It happens one minute…one hour…one day at a time. Try not to think of quitting as forever. Pay attention to today and the time will add up. It helps to stay positive. Your quit day might not be perfect, but all that matters is that you don’t smoke—not even one puff. Reward yourself for being smokefree for 24 hours. You deserve it. And if you’re not feeling ready to quit today, set a quit date that makes sense for you. It’s OK if you need a few more days to prepare to quit smoking.

5. Ask for Help

You don’t need to rely on willpower alone to be smokefree. Tell your family and friends when your quit day is. Ask them for support on quit day and in the first few days and weeks after. They can help you get through the rough spots. Let them know exactly how they can support you. Don’t assume they’ll know.
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